An exploration of the Native Americans who inhabited Staten Island and the archeological digs that have provided us with facts on the Lenape and their lives, will be followed by a discussion on the European settlers who changed everything. With the arrival of these colonizers enslaved persons were forced onto the island. We will consider this, as well as who the early settlers were and the conflicts that erupted owing to their arrival. Permanent settlement at Oude Dorp in 1661 will be reviewed, as will the Revolutionary War. Its effects on the populace and the arrival of 30,000 British troops on Staten Island will all be considered.