The Civil War, including soldier encampments and the race riots that spilled onto Staten Island, will be inspected. Immigration, specifically Irish and German, will be analyzed, as will the immigrant impact on manufacturing. Hundreds of products were made during the 19th century. Let’s talk about beer, bricks, blocks of soap and more. Institutions such as the Almshouse, “Mount Loretto,” Saint Michaels Home, Sailors’ Snug Harbor, “The Old Ladies’ Home,” the Nursery and Child’s Hospital and others also relocated to or settled locally. Why? Let’s not forget the farming tradition at these institutions or the “Gentlemen Farmers,” such William H. Vanderbilt and Frederick Olmsted, who were present. This is also a perfect time to investigate the Vanderbilt family and their Staten Island connections.